The history of Chinese clothing
The Chinese clothing history is glorious, might trace to the ancient times. In the Beijing Zhoukoudian ape-man cavern, people excavated the specula which is approximately 18 thousands years old. In the Zhejiang Yuyao Hemudu New Neolithic Age ancient ruins, also found some tubular spicula. Then by inference, these spiculaes were used to sew the primitive clothes at that time.
Chinese ancestor putted on the clothes, which are the apron made by the leaf or the animal skin together at first. Afterward, each dynasty’s clothing had its characteristic, it related with agricultural, the animal husbandry and the spinning and weaving production level closely at that time. The Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Periods, in general, male and female attire top together with bottom item, that’s called “deep clothes” type. The hemp, the China grass and the Ge fabric are large attire necessary materials for the general working people. The ruler and the aristocrat used the silk goods massively. Some areas, the people also used the wool, the feather and the kapok textile fiber spinning and weaving fabric. The Han Dynasty, the silk, the hemp textile fiber spin twist, weave with the printing processing technology have been very developed, the dye fabric have the gauze, xiao, woven silk, brocade, cloth, silks and so on, the clothing needed materials are rich greatly. The unearthed Western Han Dynasty plain gauze imperial sacrifices clothes weight is just 49 grams, obviously, at that time, people had been able to use the mulberry silk to make the frivolous transparent long clothes. The Sui and Tang dynasties, the ruler also made the strict rank to produce clothing that causes the clothing to become one kind of sign of the authority. The daily dress material used the linen widely, the skirt material used the silk generally.
Along with the more and more Chinese and foreign contact, the style of clothing is also influential mutually, like anthocephalus clothing is Persia’s influence; The Buddhist priest is putting on the Indian type clothing “the cassock”. Nowadays Japan’s kimono was still retaining the Chinese Tang Dynasty’s clothing style. From Tang Song to Ming Dynasty, the style of clothing is the wide clothes with big sleeve, the outer clothing is a long gown. The Ma gua and cheong-sam is popular in the Qing Dynasty, the manual workers putted on the short jacket trousers.
The modern times, as a result of textile industry’s development, with the clothing’s fabric variety and quantity increasing, promoted the clothing production. After 1911 Revolution, especially May 4th Movement of 1919, absorbs the Western clothing style characteristic, the Chinese tunic, academic dress start to appear. after 1950, the Chinese tunic has become the national prevail clothing generally, formal dress is vanishing nearly. Along with the massive high quality lining’s appearance, the clothing design also has the development. The modern dress designing has become a branch of the industrial art, but the clothing production already realized the industrialization production in enormous quantities.